Preparation Rate of Environmental Health Operational Teams in Facing with Crisis of Drinking Water in Disasters

Document Type : Original Article


1 Environmental Health Department, Health Faculty, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran

2 Environmental Health Department, Health Faculty, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran


Aims: Iran is one of the countries that always faced with the unforeseen events
and is in danger of all kinds of natural disasters. Since after natural disasters,
affected region has the potential of various public health threats, establishing
the environmental health department has been proposed. The aim of this study
was to assess the preparation rate of environmental health operational teams
from all around Iran, in facing with crisis of drinking water in disasters.
Instrument & Methods: This cross-sectional study was done in 2015 during
the environmental health emergencies maneuver at Hormozgan Province,
Iranand 15 operational teams and 15 assessor teams were selected randomly
for the study. In order to assess the activities of environmental health teams, a
checklist of environmental health was prepared and used. Spearman
correlation coefficient and Chi square tests were used to analyze the data.
Findings: There were no significant differences between operational and
assessor teams according to the studied parameters of water crisis (p>0.05). All
operational and assessor teams believed that microbial, latour and chemical
sampling were well done (p=0.1). There were significant correlations between
operational and assessor teams in general assessment (r=0.607; p=0.017) and
all other main parts except tubing design (r=-0.279; p=0.313)
Conclusion: The readiness of the operational teams of environmental health is
not desirable in dealing with the crisis of drinking water.