Discovery of the Content of Rumination Thoughts among Women with Marital Conflicts: Qualitative Study

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Counseling, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran



Background and Objectives: Rumination is the predisposing and continuing factor of depression. Since women are prone to rumination, the
purpose of this study was to discover the content of rumination thoughts among women with marital conflicts. Materials and Methods: This study
was conducted on a qualitative method basis, and target society was composed of women with marital conflicts and rumination. The sample
was selected from among those referring to Isfahan counseling centers and was statured with 15 persons through purposeful sampling method.
Information was collected through semi‑structured interviews and data analysis was performed based on thematic analysis. Results: Five
main categories were obtained from data analysis: root cause analysis, feeling incompetence, remembrance of bitter memories, negative
emotions, and hesitation in continuation of couple relationship. Conclusion: The findings indicate that when women with marital conflicts
become ruminant, the course of rumination is so that it could harm continuation of their couple relationship. Therefore, to reduce this damage,
interventions are required to intervene effectively in this process.