Relationship between Some Personal and Occupational Factors and Accident in Workers of Metal Industry

Document Type : Original Article


1 Departments of Occupational Health and Biostatistics and Public Health, Faculty of Health, Kashan University of Medical Sciences,

2 Department of Health, Safety and Environment Management, Faculty of Health, Kashan University of Medical Science, Kashan, Iran



Background and Purpose: 
Occupational accidents are usually directly or indirectly related to unsafe behaviors of individuals, and various personal and occupational factors contribute to such behaviors. On the other hand, the personal and occupational characteristics of workers with and without the experience of occupational accidents can be different.
The current cross-sectional study was conducted on 355 workers in the metal industry of Kashan, Iran, 2018. Demographic data and information regarding the job, safety, and occupational accidents were collected by a questionnaire. Then, the relationship between different variables was investigated.
The participants comprised 355 male workers, with a mean age of 35.08 ± 7.31 years, 53.2% of which experienced an accidentAccident rate among illiterate workers, uncompleted high school diploma, high school diploma and bachelor's degree were 75%, 47.3%, 55.3% and 59.6% respectively. There was a significant relationship between work-related education and accident. Workers with monthly income of 77$ constituted 64.4%, 77–230$ 51.1%, and above 230$ constituted 33.3% of the accidents. There was a statistically significant relationship between education and occupational accident (P < 0.05).
The results of the study showed high incidence of accidents in metal workers. Furthermore, individual and economic factors such as level of education and income and occupational factors such as position had a significant relationship with the occurrence of the accident, which should be considered more seriously.