Cognitive Functioning, Self-Esteem, and Body Image in Breast Cancer Survivors

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Clinical Psychology, Amity University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India



Breast cancer is a chronic disease in which cells in breast tissue multiply uncontrolled, typically resulting in a lump. India has a predominant young population, and women in the age group of 30–50 being diagnosed with breast cancer is on the rise. Their survival rates are also rising, owing to the treatment regimens which commonly include chemotherapyBreast cancer survivors have the challenge of dealing with side effects of treatment such as cognitive impairment, along with alterations in the appearance – breast asymmetry, changes in skin texture and sensitivity, impacting self-esteem and body image.
The present study aims to explore the cognitive functioning, self esteem, and body image of women with a history of breast cancer.
Settings and Design: 
The present study is a cross-sectional, comparative study conducted on breast cancer survivors in an urban area of Kolkata, who were selected using purposive sampling method.
Subjects and Methods: 
A total of sixty females – thirty breast cancer survivors and thirty normal counterparts, aged 30–50 years, were included. Neuropsychological tests, Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale, and Body Image Scale were administered.
Statistical Analysis: 
Descriptive and inferential statics were computed using SPSS 20 software.
The results of the study show the presence of significant difference between the two groups.
Thus, with a rise in the number of breast cancer survivors, it becomes imperative to understand the negative impact of the various treatments and provide timely interventions, thereby ensuring better quality of life and adequate psychological and emotional support for them.