Knowledge and Attitude of Hospital Personnel Regarding Medical Waste Management

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

Environmental Health Engineering Department, Health & Para-Medicine Faculty, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

Abstract

Aims Considering the importance of medical waste recognition by health centers staffs and its role
on maintenance and improvement of social and environmental health, this study aimed to evaluate
the knowledge, attitude and practices of hospital staffs regarding to medical waste management.
Instrument & Methods The current descriptive, analytical and cross-sectional research was
carried out on the staffs of the Ayatollah Rohani Hospital of Babol City, Iran, in 2013. 130
employees were selected by stratified sampling method. A researcher-made questionnaire
(accessible as an attachment) containing 4 parts of demographic information, knowledge (15
questions), attitude (6 questions) and practices (6 questions) was used for data gathering.
The data was analyzed by SPSS 17 software using Kruskal Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests.
Findings The participants mean scores of knowledge, attitude, and practice were 10.7±1.6
(out of 15), 5.5±0.8 (out of 6), and 4.5±1.5 (out of 6), respectively. 12% (16 people) of the
participants had low, 72% (93 people) of the participants had medium, and 16% (21 people)
of them had high knowledge toward hospital waste management. 16% (21 people) of the
participants had medium and 84% (109 people) of them had high attitude toward hospital
waste management. 4% (5 people), 46% (60 people) and 50% (65 people) of the participants
had low, medium and high practice, respectively.
Conclusion The level of knowledge, attitude and practice of the Ayatollah Rohani Hospital
of Babol City, Iran, regarding hospital waste management is acceptable.

Keywords