Substance Abuse in Addicts Referred to Public and Private Substance Abuse Treatment Centers

Document Type : Original Article


1 Anatomical Science Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran

2 Vital Statistics Department, Health Faculty, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran

3 Faculty of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran


Aims Drug addiction is a mental, social, and economic problem that comes from abnormal
and illicit consumption of substances such as alcohol, opium, hashish, and etc., making the
addict psychologically and physiologically dependent to those substances. This study was
designed and performed to evaluate the pattern of drug abuse change in the addicts visiting
addiction treatment centers of Kashan City, Iran.
Instrument & Methods This retrospective descriptive research was performed on 4066
persons referred to addiction treatment and harm reduction therapy centers, monitored by
Kashan University of Medical Sciences, during 2004 to 2008. After coding, data were entered
into the SPSS 16 software. Chi-square and one-way ANOVA was used to analyze the data.
Findings The main reasons of the tendency to drugs were not having fun (72.5%), family
problems (55%) and not having knowledge (22.7%). The use of opium was the highest in all
the years while the crack was used by 7.1% of drug addicts in 2004 and increased to 76% in
2007. 92.8% of drug abuses were through fumigation, 33.7% through injection, 48% orally
and 8.6% through inhalants.
Conclusion Youths are the most vulnerable age group to drug addiction. Easy access to illegal
drugs, wrong friends, and curiosity are of the significant factors spreading drug addiction.