Correlation between Occupational Stress and Burnout in Rehabilitation Center Employees of Kashan, Iran

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Occupational Health Engineering Department, Kashan University of Medical Science, Kashan, Iran

2 Occupational Health Engineering Department, Shahid Sadooghi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

3 Student Research Committee, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran

4 Occupational Health Engineering Department, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran

Abstract

Aims Stress is considered as a psychological phenomenon that inflicts human beings in the
modern societies. Burnout is a psychological or behavioral state which occurs as individual’s
performance quality deteriorates. This study aimed to investigate the level of burnout and
occupational stress in Kashan rehabilitating centers staffs.
Materials & Methods This descriptive study was done on all 298 nurse assistants of
Kashan rehabilitation centers in 2013. Data collected using “Health and Safety Executive
Questionnaire (HSE)” and “Maslach burnout inventory (MBI)”. Data were analyzed by the
Excel and SPSS 16 software. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to assess relationship
between stress dimension and occupation burnout factors.
Findings The average of occupational stress was 3.65±0.51 and the average of burnout was
29.67±4.38. Occupational groups had no significant correlation with occupational stress
(p=0.86) but had a significant correlation with burnout (p=0.006). There were significant
positive correlations between occupational stress parameters and burnout parameters.
Just the peer support of occupational stress had no correlations with success, emotional
exhaustion and general burnout.
Conclusion Deterioration of stressful parameters in occupational environment can mitigate
damaging effects of burnout syndromes.

Keywords