Self-Immolation in Kermanshah City, Iran; a Serious Suicide Intention?

Document Type : Brief Report


1 Behavioral Sciences Research Center” and “Psychiatry Department, Medicine Faculty”, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Psychiatry Department, Medicine Faculty, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Psychiatry Department, Medicine Faculty, Kermamshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermamshah, Iran

4 Mental Health Research Center, Tehran Institute of Psychiatry” and “Faculty of Behavioral Sciences & Mental Health”, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Aims The reason of selecting self-immolationas a mean to commit suicide is unclear. This
study was designed to compare 2 groups of people with and without intention to suicide that
had self-immolated.
Instrument & Methods All 227 self-immolated patients who had been admitted to theburn
unit of Imam Khomeini Hospital of Kermanshah City, Iran, during 2003 to 2004 participated
in this cross-sectional study. All the samples and their families were interviewed and a
psychiatrist completed DSM-IV symptom checklist. Data were analyzed by SPSS 11 using
descriptive statistic methods, two-sample T and Chi-square tests.
Findings 126 of the patients (55.5%) had suicidal intent and 97 (42.7%) reported prior
suicidal plan.The mortality rate of the suicidal intent patients was 61.1% and non-suicidal
intent patients was 36.6%. Personality disorder was the only psychiatric problem that was
significantly different between two groups of patients with and without intent of suicide.
Conclusion Self-immolation cannot be considered as a suicidal attempt in Kermanshah City, Iran.