Level of Knowledge about Human Papillomavirus Infection among Women of Kashan City, Iran

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Public Health Department, Public Health School, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran

2 District Health Center of Aran and Bidgol, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Aran & Bidgol, Iran

3 Statistics & Epidemiology Department, Public Health School, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran

4 Social Determinants of Health (SDH) Research Center” and “Environmental Health Department, Health Faculty”, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran

Abstract

Aims A few studies concentrate on the level of knowledge of HPV. This study was conducted
to evaluate the level of knowledge about HPV, its risk factors, and its relation with cervical
cancer in women of Kashan City, Iran.
Instrument & Methods This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in January
2015 in the population of the women of Kashan City, Iran, and 200 persons were selected
by simple sampling method. The level of knowledge about HPV and cervical cancer were
measured using a questionnaire with 10 questions about knowledge. The data was analyzed
in SPSS 16 software by Chi-square, Exact Fisher and Kruskal-Wallis tests.
Findings Most of the participants (152 persons; 76%) had “weak, 26 participants (13%)
had “moderate” and only 22 participants (11%) had “strong” level of knowledge about HPV.
There were significant differences between the level of knowledge according to educational
level (p=0.014) and professional status (p<0.001) but there were no differences according to
marital status (p=0.9) and age (p>0.05). In all the questions, the most frequent answer was
“don’t know”. The participants had some knowledge about “HPV causing cervical cancer”
(34.5%), “HPV causing genital warts” (38%), “sexually transmission of HPV” (37.5%) and
“increased risk of getting HPV by extramarital sexual affairs” (43.5%)
Conclusion The level of knowledge about HPV, genital warts, and ways of infection
transmission and its preventions in women of Kashan City, Iran, is insufficient.

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