Ergonomic Relationship during Work in Nursing Staff of Intensive Care Unit with Operating Room

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Nursing, Mahabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahabad, Iran



Background and Objectives: High prevalence of work‑related musculoskeletal disorders, especially in jobs such as nursing which covers
tasks like patients’ repositioning, has attracted great attentions from occupational healthcare experts to necessitate the knowledge of ergonomic
science. Therefore, this study was performed aiming at ergonomic relationship during work in nursing staff of Intensive Care Unit (ICU)
with operating room. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive‑analytical study (cohort), fifty personnel of ICU staff and fifty of operating
room staff were selected through a census method and were assessed using tools such as Nordic questionnaire and Rapid Entire Body
Assessment (REBA) standards in terms of body posture ergonomics. The obtained data were analyzed by SPSS software and Chi‑Square test
after collection. Results: The most complaints were from the operating room group (68%) and ICU staff (60%) for the lumbar musculoskeletal
system. There was a significant relationship between the total REBA scores of body, legs, neck, arm, force status, load fitting with hands and
static or dynamic activities in the operating room and ICU staff groups (P < 0.05). In operating room and ICU groups, most subjects obtained
score 11–15 and very high‑risk level. Conclusion: Nurses working at operating room and ICU ward are subjected to high‑risk levels and
occupational injuries which is dramatically resulted from inappropriate body posture or particular conditions of their works. As a result, taking
corrective actions along with planning and identifying ways will help prohibiting the prevalence of disorders in the future.