Alcohol Abuse in Iranian Adolescents: A Mediational Model of Parental Monitoring and Affiliation with Deviant Peers

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Psychology, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran,

2 Department of Counseling, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Science, Kharazmi University,

3 Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran,

4 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Science, Shahid Chamran University, Ahwaz, Iran



Aims: This study aimed to determine the attitudes toward alcohol abuse among students in Tehran and to develop and test a model of the
relationships among parental monitoring and affiliation with deviant peers as they predict youth alcohol abuse. Materials and Methods: In
this cross‑sectional study, 1266 adolescents were recruited from high schools in Tehran and three scales of alcohol abuse, parental monitoring,
and adolescent affiliation with deviant peers were completed for them. Data were analyzed using independent sample t‑test, Pearson correlation
coefficient, and structural equations modeling. Results: The results of this study indicated that 7.4% of individuals had a positive attitude
toward alcohol abuse. The percentage of positive attitude among males was nearly 2 times more than females. The study model was confirmed
and explained 0.42 of attitudes toward alcohol abuse variance. Moreover, affiliation with deviant peers had a mediating role in the relationship
between Parental Monitoring and attitude toward alcohol abuse. Conclusion: According to the results, parental monitoring and affiliation with
deviant peers could explain the alcohol abuse among adolescents. Therefore, it is suggested to include these factors in prevention programs
aimed at reducing alcohol abuse.