Increasing Trend of Pediculosis (Pediculus Humanus Capitis) in Lamerd, Farashband, and Marvdasht Cities, Southern Iran

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Communicable Disease Unit, Faculty of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz,

2 Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

10.4103/iahs.iahs_36_17

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to report the trend of pediculosis among people in Lamerd, Farashband, and Marvdasht cities, Southern Iran.
Materials and Methods: This study was a retrospective study of patients with a definite diagnosis of Pediculus humanus capitis in 2012–2015.
Information recorded for each patient included the gender, age, residence, and the season of diagnosis. Results: In Lamerd, Marvdasht, and
Farashband, the total numbers of pediculosis cases were 1675, 954, and 509 cases, respectively. In those three cities, the highest number of
cases was found in the year 2015 (1568 n) and lowest was in 2012 (431 n). This difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). In all cities,
the number of females (2921 n) was higher than males (217 n) (P < 0.05). The highest prevalence of disease was seen in female children
between the ages of 6–12 years (1787 n) while the lowest prevalence was seen in male children <6 years old (8 n). Considering the residence,
the majority of cases in Marvdasht (549 n) and Farashband (401 n) were from urban areas, and the difference was statistically significant
only in the city of Farashband. In those cities, totally, the highest and lowest number of cases was observed in the autumn and summer,
respectively. Conclusions: The results showed that the disease trend is increasing in recent years. Advance in socioeconomic conditions and
also implementing health education programs for kids, parents, and sick people may help in controlling this disease.

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