Frequency of depression, anxiety and stress among participated workers in periodic examinations of occupational medicine centers in Kashan during the 4 month period (2018-2019)

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences,

2 Trauma Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences,

3 Department of Occupational Health, Faculty of Health, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan,

4 Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

10.4103/iahs.iahs_12_20

Abstract

Aims: 
Mental disorders such as depressionanxiety, and stress are important factors in determining the life quality as well as many social and economic problems in workers' life. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of psychological symptoms (depressionanxiety, and stress) among the examined workers in the periodic examinations of the medical centers of Kashan County during the 4-month period in 2018–2019.
Materials and Methods: 
This cross-sectional study was conducted randomly on 154 workers examined in different industrial towns of Kashan County (5 areas). Data were collected using a DASS-42 questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS 16 software, using Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests for qualitative variables and t-test and ANOVA test for data analysis of quantitative variables.
Results: 
The symptoms of depressionanxiety, and stress were 18.83%, 33.12%, and 18.74%, respectively, in the present study. Moreover, the comparison of depressionanxiety, and stress with demographic variables showed a significant relationship between education level, employment type, and sex (P < 0.050).
Conclusion: 
According to the results, workers' anxiety symptoms were more than depression and stress. Hence, it is essential to plan to identify such disorders in the workers to implement educational interventions and empowerment of these worthy people to increase mental health in the workplace.

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