Factors Influencing Use of Technology in Older Adults’ Daily Life

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Medical - Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran

2 College of Behavioral, Social and Health Sciences, School of Nursing, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, USA



Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent of technology use at home by older adults and to identify factors related to
technology use. Materials and Methods: This cross‑sectional study was performed using 400 older adults that were referred to Urban
Comprehensive Health Service Centers in Kashan, Iran, from July 2017 to March 2019. The multistage cluster sampling method was used to
select the health centers, and simple random sampling was used to recruit older adults that were referred to the centers. Data were collected
using a demographic questionnaire and the Older Adults’ Technology Use at Home (OATUH) scale. The independent t‑test, Chi‑square test,
and Pearson’s correlation were used to analyze data. Results: The mean score of OATUH was 17.25 ± 8.6 in the range of 0–36. Technology
use at home was significantly associated with gender, education, income, and chronic conditions. Participants without chronic conditions were
more likely to use technology, especially out‑of‑kitchen technology. Age had a negative correlation with OATUH (r = −0.3), out‑of‑kitchen
technology use (r = 0.21), and in‑kitchen technology use (r = 0.28). Conclusions: The use of technology was associated with participants’
demographics and health characteristics. The results can be integrated with the knowledge base for improving older adults’ technology use
to enhance their quality of life.