The Relationship between Academic Procrastination and Depression in Students of Kashan University of Medical Sciences

Document Type : Original Article


1 Trauma Nursing Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences,

2 Autoimmune Diseases Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan,

3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Arash Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran



Aims: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between academic procrastination and depression in students of Kashan
University of Medical Sciences. Materials and Methods: In this cross‑sectional descriptive‑analytic study, 400 students of Kashan University
of Medical Sciences were selected by stratified random sampling in 2020. Data collection tools included three sections of demographic
information, the Procrastination Assessment Scale, and the Beck Depression Inventory II. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16 software
and independent t‑test, ANOVA, and multivariate regression. Results: The results of demographic data showed that the number of females
was more than the males (61.3% vs. 38.7%). The student’s academic procrastination’s score was 65.22 ± 14.92, indicating a moderate level
of procrastination (58.4%). The variables of performing religious duties, students’ depression have a significant relationship with academic
procrastination (P < 0.001). There is a significant positive correlation between academic procrastination and student depression (P < 0.001,
r = 0.325). Conclusion: Based on the research findings, academic procrastination among students was moderate to high. Considering the
important role of academic procrastination in various aspects of education and future careers of students and future of community health, it
is essential for professors and academic advisors to pay a special attention to this subject and it is suggested to investigate the causes and to
propose appropriate strategies for reducing this behavior.