Association of Number of Incident Cases and Deaths of Cancers with Health Indicators among Iranian Military Community An Ecological Study

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Military Epidemiology Research Center, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

10.4103/iahs.iahs_121_20

Abstract

Aims: 
Cancers are the second leading cause of death in developing countries. Because of the impact of health indicators on incidence and mortality of many diseases such as cancers and the lack of similar studies in Iran especially among the military community (MC) the current study was aimed to assess the association between the incident cases and deaths of cancers with some health indicators among Iranian MC.
Materials and Methods: 
In the current ecological study, the required data about the cancer patients were earned from the registered cases in the insurance organization of the Iranian MC. Other data were extracted from the statistical center of Iran. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to examine the correlation between the under studied variables. All analyses were done using Stata 14 software. The significance level was set at α = 0.05.
Results: 
The most incidence and deaths of cancer cases were reported from Tehran, Isfahan, and Khorasan Razavi provinces, respectively. There was a significant correlation between the number of health houses, active health houses, number of hospitals, number of clinics, number of hospital beds, number of literacy people with death, and incidence case of cancers among Iranian MC (P < 0.05).
Conclusions: 
Health-care centers and the education status of individuals are associated with cancers incidence and mortality. These findings can be very helpful for health planners and policymakers to designing intervention programs to prevent incidence and decrease the burden of these diseases.

Keywords


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