Effects of Video-Based and Pamphlet Online Education on Knowledge toward COVID-19 A Randomized Controlled Trial

Document Type : Original Article


1 Operating Room Department, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran

2 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Health, Birjand University of Medical Science, Birjand, Iran



To compare online video and pamphlet education in improving the knowledge of high school students toward COVID and to assess satisfaction with the two educational approaches.
Materials and Methods: 
In this randomized controlled trial, 240 girl students received either online, video-based education or pamphlet-based education or that described the methods of dealing with COVID-19 and description of COVID-19 symptoms as well as a control group that received no intervention. Their knowledge was assessed at baseline and 12 weeks after group-specific intervention.
Participants in both groups had similar levels of baseline knowledge. Poststudy analysis showed significantly greater improvement in the knowledge scores from video group members compared to the pamphlet group (P = 0.003). Both pamphlet and video groups significantly achieved better scores than the control group (P < 0.001). Finally, the video group rated their education method more useful and appealing than the pamphlet group (P = 0.018).
Video-based learning is a more effective educational tool for teaching methods of preventing and transmitting of coronavirus disease than written materials.