Effects of Video-Based and Pamphlet Online Education on Knowledge toward COVID-19 A Randomized Controlled Trial

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Operating Room Department, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran

2 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Health, Birjand University of Medical Science, Birjand, Iran

10.4103/iahs.iahs_1_22

Abstract

Aims: 
To compare online video and pamphlet education in improving the knowledge of high school students toward COVID and to assess satisfaction with the two educational approaches.
Materials and Methods: 
In this randomized controlled trial, 240 girl students received either online, video-based education or pamphlet-based education or that described the methods of dealing with COVID-19 and description of COVID-19 symptoms as well as a control group that received no intervention. Their knowledge was assessed at baseline and 12 weeks after group-specific intervention.
Results: 
Participants in both groups had similar levels of baseline knowledge. Poststudy analysis showed significantly greater improvement in the knowledge scores from video group members compared to the pamphlet group (P = 0.003). Both pamphlet and video groups significantly achieved better scores than the control group (P < 0.001). Finally, the video group rated their education method more useful and appealing than the pamphlet group (P = 0.018).
Conclusion: 
Video-based learning is a more effective educational tool for teaching methods of preventing and transmitting of coronavirus disease than written materials.

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