Review and Assessment of Iran's Neighborhood-Based Plan to Control COVID-19

Document Type : Original Article


1 Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, SBMU Employees Cohort Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Plastic and Reconstructive, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran



Management of COVID-19 is an issue of concern around the world. Several factors and strategies influence COVID-19 crisis management in every country. This study aimed at assessing the status, the trend of incidence rate changes, and the factors affecting it during 4 months.
Materials and Methods: 
This assessment was carried out simultaneously in three fields – care, monitoring, and managerial support. The method of implementing the plan in the cities was in the form of segmenting the city based on neighborhood, district, region, and city. Interventions were assessed by collecting information from the other two sections and citing valid information about the intended consequences, including death, hospitalization, infection, and other outputs. The information of the identified patients was extracted by census based on the patient care records in the cities of the province and analyzed using SPSS 16.
The mean and standard deviation of the death age was 69.12 ± 19.91 years. 60.8 of the deaths (15105) were in males and the rest were in females. In Iran, the trend of the corona epidemic increased until October 2020 and included about 500 deaths/day but with the implementation of this plan, the mortality rate decreased.
Considering the effectiveness of this plan, it is hoped that by strengthening the disease care system and more supervision in implementing the strategy and having an effective relationship with private section physicians to comply with the national protocol, an effective step was taken to control this disease and finally eliminate it.