Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice toward COVID-19 among the Public in Kashan, Iran A Cross-sectional Study

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Sociology, University of Isfahan, Researcher in Medical Sociology, Isfahan, Iran

2 Anesthesia Department, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

3 Health Information Management Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

4 Trauma Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

5 Social Communication Sciences, University of Tehran, Researcher in Health Communication, Isfahan, Iran

6 Department of Medical Education, Medical Education Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

10.4103/iahs.iahs_194_21

Abstract

Aims: 
The goal of this study is the rapid assessment of knowledgeattitude, and practice (KAP) of Kashan's residents toward COVID-19.
Materials and Methods: 
The study was a cross-sectional study and conducted among Kashan's residents (a city in Isfahan, Iran) in 2020. The sample size was estimated to be 380. A four-part questionnaire including demographic data (7 questions), participants' knowledge (3 multiple-choice questions), attitudes (6 multiple-choice questions and five-point Likert scale), and practices (2 multiple-choice questions) was used to collect the data. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Kendall and Cramer's V by SPSS software.
Results: 
Six hundred and fifteen participated in the study. Findings showed that more than 80% knew about symptoms and more than 85% had proper information about ways of preventing. Regarding the attitude toward prevention, 96.2% of the residents considered themselves responsible for caring. Government and municipal officials (64.5%) and health authorities (53.9%) were in the next ranks. About practice, 90% of the respondents mentioned using disinfectants, staying at home, observing hand hygiene, and avoiding being in crowded places as preventive measures. Majority of people agreed with prohibition of all public gatherings in the city.
Conclusion: 
This study can be a step toward planning and effective interventions by policymakers in infectious diseases such as COVID-19.

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