The Effectiveness of Using Lullaby and Massage Alone and Together in Assisting Kindergarten Students to Fall Asleep

Document Type : Original Article


1 Nursing Department, Health Science Faculty, Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University, Karaman, Turkey

2 Midwifery Department, Health Science Faculty, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey



The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of using lullaby and massage alone and together in assisting kindergarten students to fall asleep for their noon sleep.
Materials and Methods: 
The research was performed semi-experimentally in cross-sectional between May 9, 2017 and June 6 2017. Thirty children were included. Data were obtained through a question form prepared. The researcher was interviewed four times in total. After the application, the children were evaluated for their transition to sleepsleep duration, and participation in postsleep activities.
When massage was applied, the duration of transition to sleep was shorter when massage and lullaby were used both separately and together, which produced longer sleeping times and higher participation rates in after-sleep activities.
Appliying massage to children makes sleeping easier, and massage and lullaby both prolong sleep duration when used alone or in combination and increase participation rates in postsleep activities. Both methods can be used to enhance sleep quality and support participation in activities of kindergarten children.