The First Data on the BioEcology of Scorpions (Arachnida Scorpiones) in Bavi County, Southwestern Iran (2016–2017)

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Health Research Institute, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz , Iran.

2 Department of Medical Entomology, School of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

10.4103/iahs.iahs_179_21

Abstract

Aims: 
The purpose of this study was to determine the scorpion species, abundancedistributionmonthly activity, comparisons between different scorpion collecting methods, and sex ratio in Bavi County, during 2016–2017.
Materials and Methods: 
Collection of scorpions was made during the night examinations using the ultraviolet (UV) light and ordinary flashlight. Meanwhile, during the day, scorpions were gathered through rock rolling and pouring water in-ground holes. Scorpions were hunted using a long forceps and then transferred to the laboratory in separate glass containers containing alcohol 75%. All the specimens were identified based on valid taxonomic keys.
Results: 
A total of nine species in nine genera from three families were identified. Androctunus crassicauda, Hemiscorpius lepturus, and Mesobuthus phillipsii were the most abundant in the investigated areas. The most scorpion activity was recorded in the summer. The most of the specimens were collected through UV light. The sex ratio was 1: 1.2 in favor of females.
Conclusion: 
There are three medically major scorpion species including H. lepturus, A. crassicauda, and M. philipsi in Bavi County. Among them, H. lepturus is the most venomous scorpion in the investigated region. Therefore, inhabitants must be careful of its sting, in particular in children.

Keywords